Writing Your Report
Once you've collected all your data from your sponsoring organisation, it's time to focus on writing your report.
All 499s are different, and so allowances should be made for the individual characteristics of each investigation, but the general outline described below should guide you in how to structure your 499 report. For structure guidelines specific to your subject area, you should consult your paper outline and your supervisor.
For 599s this outline forms a good basis but further depth is required - discuss this with your supervisor.
- Maximum length of one page
- The whole investigation encapsulated, and should include:
- The problem investigated The research method(s) used
- The major findings
- Scene setting, background to the organisation and the investigation
- Research question(s) or objectives
- Reasons for the study
- Why the study is important
- Literature review (what others have learned about this subject before)
- Method(s) used and why
- Advantages, disadvantages, limitations of the research method(s) used
- Analysis techniques
- Ethical considerations
- An analysis of the data collected
- Summary of what was found
- Assessment of what was found
- Relate and support with the appropriate literature
- The answer(s) to the research question
- The conclusions
- What should be done as a result of the investigation's findings? Further investigations indicated as a result of this study?
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An important element of your 499 report is presentation. Students are required to follow certain guidelines as set out below. Final Reports must be bound. Covers are available free of charge from the Management Student Centre (MSC) Main Reception and Campus Copy.
Line spacing: 1.5 with one space between paragraphs
Paper size: A4 with margins all round of 2.54 cm’s (1 inch). One side only of the page is to be used.
Page numbering: Pages should be numbered, with page 1 being the first page of the main body of the text.
Text fonts: Use the same font throughout, including page numbers. Preferred fonts are Courier, Times Roman or New Century Schoolbook in 11 or 12 point size.
Chapters: 499 Reports will normally consist of four to eight Chapters; with each new Chapter commencing on a new page.
Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively through the Report and the title should be shown above the table or figure as follows:
Mean Performance Scores of Students with Different University Majors
|Major Subject Area||Mean Score|
Language and Learning Development at MSC is here to help all WMS students to achieve better results in their University work. As your 499 final report should be the result of a prolonged period of research, and put into practice all you have learned in your degree, it is important that you use all available help to make this document the best it can be.
Language and Learning Development's web page. Language and Learning Development have collected a comprehensive range of web links for a variety of academic writing issues -
click here to view it.
If you wish to make a booking with a Language and Learning Development tutor,
click here to go to the online booking system.
As your 499 will probably be the largest and most academically rigourous piece of work you will have done to date in your university studies, it is very important that you know how to cite your sources and list your references correctly. The standard referencing style for all Waikato Management School assessment is APA (American Psychological Association).
All students are recommended to purchase or borrow a copy of The Pocket Guide to APA Style by Robert Perrin. This book is an easy-to-use reference which should be your first stop for any APA referencing issues. Get your copy at Bennetts.
Other useful links:
Language and Learning Development Links including APA Referencing Advice and Exercises.
Library Tutorials - includes APA Referencing
APA Style Official Homepage
Avoiding Plagiarism from the Library
If you are enrolled in a 499 or 599, you are entitled to an additional 15 MB of storage on your Titan account - ask an assistant in the MS0 or MS6 labs to have this activated. It is recommended that you use this space to regularly back-up your research and report.
Microsoft Word has some advanced features that make writing large documents, such as your 499 report, much easier. Use the help feature in your version of Word to look up the following topics:
- Styles, for formatting consistent headings and other text
- Table of Contents - If you use Styles, Word can automatically create and update a table of contents for you.
- Document Map - This makes your large document much easier to navigate, especially if you have used Styles for your headings.
Click here to learn more about EndNote, a software package to help you manage your references and citations as you write your report.
The Library runs tutorial sessions on the advanced features of Word and on EndNote, among other topics. These are highly recommended before beginning to write your report.